The Azov Sea
Have you decided to go on vacation on the Azov Sea?
We will tell you in general terms about the geography, nature, salinity and the main attractions of the Azov Sea. You may be interested in some of the facts presented in this article. For example, the Azov Sea is the leader among all seas in the world in terms of biological productivity of flora and fauna. But let's not get ahead of ourselves…
Geography of the Azov Sea.
We all went to school. Let's remember a little from geography. The Azov Sea is located between 45 and 47 degrees north latitude and between 33 and 39 degrees east longitude. The maximum length of the Azov Sea is 343 kilometers (from east to west). From north to south only 231 km. The total area of the sea surface of Azov is 37605 sq. km. An interesting fact is that the total area of all the islands and the spit of the Azov Sea is about one hundred and eight square kilometers.
It is for those people who plan to spend their holidays on the Azov Sea , it will be interesting that the total length of the coastline is almost one and a half thousand kilometers, and the lion's share of the coast is excellent sandy beaches. The largest depth of the Azov Sea is 14.4 meters. Pretty deep, isn't it? But don't worry so much! This depth is only in the middle of the sea, in its central part. Also, it can be noted that a depth of five meters is found two kilometers from the shore, with some exceptions. Generalizing, we can say that the average depth of the Azov Sea is six to eight meters.
Let's talk about the shores and the relief of the bottom of the Azov Sea. It can be noted that the underwater relief of the Azov Sea is almost homogeneous in its composition. As a rule, this is a sandy bottom, gradually sinking from the coastline to the center of the sea. But after all, this gradual increase in depth and soft fine sand gives such a wonderful feeling of comfort, characteristic of the desired rest on the shore of the Azov Sea and in particular in Berdyansk. But the seabed of Azov is still not the same everywhere. The Northern Riviera of the Azov Sea is shallower here, a depth of six meters can remain at a great distance of 20-30 km from the shore. The southern coast is different – there is a steeper slope to a depth of ten to twelve meters. In the Azov Sea there are underwater hills (so-called banks or shoals). On the eastern coast, the Zhelezinskaya bank is stretched, located along the western coast - the Arabatskaya and Morskaya banks. On the banks, the sea depth is reduced to 3-5 meters. Almost all the shores of the Sea of Azov duplicate the underwater relief: in the north the coast consists of sloping excellent sandy beaches, and in the south hilly terrain and Crimean mountains of volcanic origin are more common.
Salinity of the Azov Sea.
The Azov Sea is slightly salty due to the limited water exchange with the saltier Black Sea and the large influx of unsalted fresh waters of the flowing rivers. Here is another argument for you in favor of a comfortable stay on the sandy shore of the Azov Sea – a small salinity of the water less irritates the human skin, it does not prevent long bathing and is useful for children and family holidays. The low salinity of sea water, as well as the saturation of natural minerals, gives a charge of health for the body every time you bathe and adds an excellent cosmetic effect for the skin. Due to the low salinity, the waters of the Azov Sea freeze easily in winter. Interestingly, before the construction of hydroelectric power plants and dams on the Don River, the water was even more fresh – three times less than the average salinity of the ocean. The water is less salty on the northern coast, including near Berdyansk. The minimum salinity of the water is at the mouth of the Don, the maximum is at the Kerch Strait.
The southern part of the Azov Sea almost never freezes and remains at an average temperature.
The flora of the Azov Sea is rearranged by a wide variety of fish species, some of them are fished. Goby, pilengas, pike perch, sturgeon are not a complete list of what lives in the warm waters of the Azov. Also in the sea halo are found the seal, flounder-kalkan, gloss, needle fish and all kinds of gobies. There is also a wide range of marine fish that come to the Azov Sea from the Black Sea, for example, making regular migrations. These include: Azov hamsa, mackerel, Black Sea herring, singil, sharpnose, Black Sea hamsa, Black Sea kalkan, horse mackerel, barabula, loban, etc.
Fishing on the Azov Sea
A popular type of recreation on the Azov Sea is fishing. In Berdyansk, you can fish in different ways: directly from the shore or from a boat, from a dam, on a fishing rod, spinning or on a regular fishing line (a hook) with a sinker and hooks, on a worm or shrimp, which, by the way, is found here, and it can be caught with an ordinary net.